THE SIMPLEST WAY TO GROW FROM CUTTINGS
If you have a tree or plant you wish to clone, look no further. This method is uncomplicated and quite easy to do.
· Healthy cutting from a tree of your choice
· Potting soil or local soil or an equal mixture of both
· One gallon pot for one cutting
Try to get a 4-8” cutting from small trees or a 10-15” cutting from large trees, .eg. oak. Smaller trees will root faster.
Try to cut cuttings at a 45 degree angle. The best place to cut is just below the stem joint, or where a leaf or bud joins the stem. Cut with a sharp knife
Fill your pot 2/3 full with fertilized soil or potting soil that drains well
moisten the soil.
Then create an 8” deep hole.
Place the cutting in the hole. Top it with a little soil
gently squeeze the soil around the root, and then gently firm the soil around the cutting.
During the early stages, the sun will dry up the soil but it must stay moist (not wet). The cutting does not need to be in a dark place but should be in a place that has a balance between light and dark.
Mist the cutting EVERY OTHER DAY unless the soil is visibly dry. The soil would crack if the soil is dry. Try not to water the cutting too much or the cutting will rot.
Smaller trees take about four to six weeks to show little leaves like the soursop pictured below.
The above method can be used with most trees including herbs (rosemary bush, Spanish thyme etc.) as you can see from the pictures below where there are cedar trees, a maringa, rose, mulberry etc.
All of the above cuttings were done without the help of growth hormones but can be used if it is your preference.
Transplant the tree only when the tree is big enough to withstand the elements. So do not try to transplant at the first sign of growth. It is best to wait about three months.
The best time to take cuttings depends on whether you remove a softwood, semi-hardwood or hardwood branch section.
Softwood and semi-hardwood tree cuttings are the most common type for fruit trees because of their ease in collection and quick root production.
Hardwood cuttings are slow to root, but are an option if you miss the earlier collection dates for cuttings.
It would be best to try this method in the winter or early spring, before the cuttings have bloomed and put forth leaves. This allows the cutting to put most of its energy into developing roots, as opposed to maintaining leaves.
If you can’t do it any other time besides when the cuttings have leaves or fruit, it is highly recommended to cut off the leaves and/or fruit because they are going to fall off anyway.
If this is not done, the cutting will waste precious energy on maintaining leaves rather than the roots.
· For those of you in cooler countries, cover the pot/cutting with a white plastic trash bag creating a greenhouse effect during the first stages of growth.