People ask me all the time if they can grow a fruit tree from a seed. Yes the seed will produce a lovely tree, but chances are you are not going to get what you were expecting out of it.
When you grow something by seed you are going to get the most generic version of that plant. For example, if you grow an apple from seed, you are going to get an apple tree, but the most generic apple there is. You won’t be able to grow a Honey Crisp apple from a Honey Crisp apple seed.
To get the variety of fruit desired, most farmers use a process called “T budding” where you take a bud from the desired fruit tree and insert it into a seedling tree that has been grown from good root stock.
Successful T budding requires that the scion material have fully-formed, mature, dormant buds, and that the rootstock be in a condition of active growth such that the “bark is slipping“. This means that the vascular cambium is actively growing, and the bark can be peeled easily from the stock piece with little damage.
The other way to propagate the fruit tree of your choice is by a process call “air layering”.
Air layering is a propagation method for plants and trees that allows you to root branches while still attached to the parent plant.
You would want to start your air layering at the beginning of the growing season. Roots begin growing when it is warm out, like 69-70 degrees. Here in Ohio that would be May or June and the roots will be formed by fall.
I made a video on this